Cyndi Casemier Blog

Ceramics I Love – A video on Japanese Wood Fired Pots.

Ceramics I Love - Wood Fired Pots   Ken Matsuzaki is a Japanese potter who was artwork was featured by the Goldmark Gallery in 2007.  This film shows you process: creation of a pot,  fire a wood kiln, and get pieces ready for exhibition.  We have two potters in the gallery who fire their ceramic work in wood kilns:  Julie Devers and Mike Taylor.


The Challenges and Joys of starting a Pottery Business

Form follows Function

Form Follows Function by Peter Evens I thought I would share this article by a Vermont potter.  He shares his thoughts about well crafted pots and more. A couple of days ago, I threw twelve mugs. After I pulled and attached a handle to each one, I lined them up on a board and then stepped back and looked. They were each made with exactly a pound of clay, about five inches tall and had a flaring cylindrical shape. They were similar, but different as sets of thrown pots can be. I’ve been experimenting lately with some different mug forms in search of the right one and a cylinder that flares just a bit at the rim is the one for now. They looked okay with consistent wall thickness, flat bottom, smooth rim and appropriately attached handle. At the same time, as I studied the mugs, I wondered if their form was unique enough or were they just like all the others. If someone, someday, looks at one of the mugs, will they realize the mug was made by me without turning it over? My mug musings brought me back to my first year in college in 1971 and a debate about form, style and technique.  I was sitting with other ceramics majors in one of my first classes and after being prompted by Hobart Cowles, our professor, we started talking about the difference between art and craft. Most of us fledgling potters felt we were more craftsmen than artists while some argued the lines between the two were less crisp. That led to a discussion that eventually morphed into a debate about style and form versus technique and the utility of an object.  It was at that point when Hobart got up, went to the chalkboard and wrote the phrase, “Form follows function”. I’m not sure the quote changed the minds of all those who argued that we were every bit the artists as our classmates upstairs in the fine arts department, but it did add a considerable amount of weight to the argument for the rest of us who embraced being craftsmen. It actually was an architect, Louis Sullivan, who is credited with the phrase that Hobart scribbled on the board. In talking about good building design in the late 1800s, he suggested that structures must exhibit the three qualities of “firmitas, utilitas, venustas” meaning solid, useful, and beautiful. What’s interesting is Sullivan actually wrote that “form ever follows function”, but a version minus “ever” is typically what is quoted.  The two phrases, although similar, are slightly different.  That said, Sullivan’s quote offers support to the notion that form is not unimportant, but it must come after function and utilitarian requirements have been met. One of the reasons I love making pottery is that it’s dependent on the convergence of science and art.  Maybe that’s another way to define what craft is. Despite this convergence, most of my time in the studio right now is focused mostly on science and less on art. This reality led me to recall another quote that I had read in a book that stuck with about art and science, form and function, style and utility, but I couldn’t remember where I had read it. After a few days of searching through my library for the quote, I found it buried in the preface to a book by the author, Daniel Rhodes (photo, below). He shared that, “While technical information must not be considered as an end to itself, it is a necessary prerequisite to a free and creative choice of means in ceramics”.  More support for where I find myself right now. With form following function and the need for technical information as a prerequisite to creativity, I felt I might be on to something.   I left Vermont to go to college and study ceramics in 1970. The year before, I read the book that included the quote by Rhodes. His book, also known as the Potter’s Bible, Clay and Glazes for Potter, (image of my copy below) was packed with technical information (okay, very packed and it was all in black and white, even the photos). I loved the book mostly because Rhodes was considered one of the top ceramics experts in the world at the time. Rhodes, along with Val Cushing were the two anchors in the ceramics program at Alfred University, considered one of the best ceramics programs in the country.  I let my imagination run wild thinking about what it would be like to work with him. I thought if I read his book it might provide me some good karma during the college application process and once I was accepted, I would be that much more ahead of others when school started. Perhaps I could even refer to passages from the book during classes with Rhodes. Something like, Professor Rhodes, I recall on page 73, you offer that feldspar is one of the most important glaze materials. Is that because… as I said, I let my imagination run. I applied to three art schools that had ceramics programs- Alfred, Syracuse University and Rochester Institute of Technology’s School for American Craftsmen. I opted not to apply to Rhode Island School of Design as I decided it was too big a stretch and my perception of it was it was more art and less craft. The short version is that I wasn’t accepted at Alfred or Syracuse and was waited listed at RIT. That meant not only was the future collaboration between Daniel Rhodes and me not going to happen, I didn’t have a college to go to in the fall. As a result, the last half of my senior year was a pretty dark time and it stayed that way until early summer when I received an acceptance letter from RIT letting me know that I was to join seven others to form the ceramics program’s freshmen class in the fall. While I never did meet Daniel Rhodes, his quote about learning as much technical knowledge first before trying to engage fully in creativity is to me about recognizing the importance of digging deeply into the science of ceramics and letting that inform and perhaps even define the art. I don’t recall discussing Rhode’s specific quote with my classmates, but I’m certain his argument would not have been embraced by some of new friends.  In fact, during discussions, some argued that creativity has to come first and it actually informs or in some cases dictates the need for science and technical knowledge. They wanted to be cut loose in the clay studio and create, build, form and experience clay. Interestingly, what they sometimes created was, in my opinion, not great to look at and technically questionable. Maybe I’m being too critical here, but many times after the results of their creative frenzies dried, embellishments and additions fell off and glazes failed. Even then, some argued that the results were all part of making art and integral to the process. Most, however, came to realize that Rhodes advice was right and having a grasp of technique and understanding of earth science, chemistry and physics added a whole lot to them achieving forms that were, in the end, great to look at and stayed together all the way through firing. During the past four months of spending more time in my studio, I’ve been thinking a lot about form, but focusing mostly on technique in selecting the right clay body, throwing on the wheel, carefully analyzing my glazes and firing the new kiln so I can count on it to yield consistent results, which I’m still looking forward to. There’s a lot of technical stuff to learn, sometimes more than I think I’ll have time to learn. I realize that if I wait to completely conquer technique before tackling form and style, I’ll be pushing a walker or worse. I want my pieces to be technically good and have strong form so I’ll need to work on both at the same time. I don’t think Sullivan or Rhodes would have a problem with that. In searching for a style of pottery that reflects who I am, I realize that my preference is for pieces that are both pleasing to my eye and that seem to be begging to be put to use. It’s hard for me to articulate more than that, but I can share some examples of forms I find right. I’ve formed my own group of favorite potters that meet these criteria and have gotten pretty good at recognizing their piece when I see them. Potters like Val Cushing,  Warren Mackenzie, (one of MacKenzie's teapots below) and Cynthia Bringle (below, pulling a handle) all make pots that I like and have their own style that is uniquely theirs. (A bit of an aside here… I’m not suggesting that my goal is to be on the same plateau as the potters I noted above, but there must be something to learn from them and their development as potters as far as form and function is concerned. How did they get to the point that their pieces and who they are became aligned? I wondered what their position would be on the connection between form and technique. What was their journey to creating their unique style like and would they agree that a full grasp of the technical knowledge of working with clay is a prerequisite to the development of the form that sets their work apart from others. Would they agree or not that form follows function?) Don Reitz came to RIT while I was a student and spent a couple of days demonstrating, meeting with us and talking about his work. I hadn’t heard of him back then and assumed he was going to share some tips and techniques for making functional pots. I could not have been more wrong. His work is best described as ceramic structures with thrown pieces, additions, applications, texture and other decorations applied. Watching him work was more like performance art with precision movement, flare, humor and spontaneity. The thrown bases he started with were thick and massive, forming the foundation for additional collars, cylinders and add-ons. His pieces were highly stylized, beautifully formed and technically very good. Could he have created the forms he did if he lacked deep understanding of the technical aspects of ceramics? Probably not.  Reading about his trajectory as a potter, I learned that he started like most potters by making traditional, functional pots and then evolved, technically and stylistically, from there.  At what point in his evolution did he sit down, looked at his mugs, and wondered if they were an accurate reflection of himself? Thinking more about my mugs, I’ve decided that their form and my unique style will come naturally, evolve and grow over time.  That said, I go from my house to my studio almost every day with a sense of urgency and patience. There’s urgency because I’m not taking my morning walks as an eighteen year old and patience because as much as I want my pots to reflect who I am, I need them to be functional, of use to others and technically solid. At the same time, if my pots are only functional and lacking in style and form, why would someone want them? Turning again to my freshly made row of mugs, I have to agree with my earlier assessment, they look okay.  For now, they are, and I am, where we need to be.  


Bracelets….lots of bracelets

We have lots of jewelry - bracelets, necklaces, pendants, earrings - all handmade.

Bracelets....lots of Bracelets!


There was a small West Michigan Gallery that loves….

A small West Michigan gallery offers art for your every day life

Small West Michigan Gallery offers art for your every day life...


Easy Grilled Sweet Potato Pizzas

  Perfect for Summer Holidays Easy Grilled Sweet Potato Pizzas Prep Time: 10 mins, Cook Time: 15 mins, Total Time: 25 minutes Yield: 2 Ingredients: 1 large sweet potato 1/3 cup organic marinara sauce (OR 1/4 cup pesto)* 1/3 cup mozzarella cheese 1 tablespoon olive oil salt and pepper to taste fresh basil Instructions: 1. Preheat grill to 375ºF (alternatively you can use your oven). 2. Slice sweet potatoes length wise (about 1/4 of an inch thick), rub with olive oil (or spray with olive oil cooking spray) and season with salt and pepper to taste. 3. Lay a piece of tin foil onto the grill and spray with olive oil cooking spray. 4. Place sweet potatoes onto tin foil and grill for 10 minutes or until you’ve created beautiful grill marks on your sweet potato slices. Then, flip. 5. Add 1 tablespoon of marinara sauce (or 1/2 tablespoon of pesto) and one tablespoon mozzarella cheese to each sweet potato slice and grill for an additional 3-5 minutes or until cheese is melted. 6. Remove from grill and top with fresh basil. Notes: *We wrote the recipe to serve 2, but know that you can easily double or triple this to serve more. Author: Lee Hersh,  Find it online:  http://fitfoodiefinds.com/2017/05/easy-grilled-sweet-potato-pizzas/


An Interesting Opportunity

Artist Residencies in North America. Slowing down and being present.

New Opportunities... VARDA Artist Residencies Have you ever wanted your world to slow down for just a day?  I can't believe that it's Memorial Day weekend!! How did this happen!  I could have sworn that we just celebrated the New Year.  Yesterday, I read about an artist residency on a houseboat in San Francisco Bay area.  Ever since visiting Venice, Italy, I have been intrigued with the idea of living on the water - in a houseboat. What would I do with my time in a residency like this?   Obviously, I wouldn't make clay work.  I wonder would I make plans for sculptural work that is bouncing around in the back of my thoughts.  Would I sketch images of the water, boats, and more?  Where would that lead me?  Living a creative life is an interesting process.  I believe that everyone is creative without being labeled as such.  How you complete a task, solve a problem, fold your clothes is being creative.   Being thoughtfully creative is a different process.  Keeping your eyes open to your surroundings.  Really looking and seeing, remembering and absorbing.  I was in Minneapolis for Mother's Day weekend and attended the St. Croix Potters Show.  More than 40 potters from all over North America ( a couple from Great Britain) sold their clay work.  I visited all of the venues.  Three of my clay sisters were there.  They spent two days really looking at pots, talking with other clay artists.  Listening to them, I found myself thinking "Wow, they got so much more out of this trip than I did".  I need to slow down and really be present instead of checking off items on my virtual list.   Memorial Day Weekend marks the beginning of summer in our beach town.  For me, it's almost like the New Year.  So, how can I slow down just a bit to see more, consider it, and absorb it into my ceramic work?  Hmmmmm.  Happy Summer everyone!


A Painting I love – Running Water and Sunshine by Michelle Courier

Michelle T Courier Michelle Courier has been one C2C's artists since 2011.  She found us.  Since that time, this painter has been recognized as some of the best landscape artists in the United States. Michelle paints every day, unless she is hiking or driving to deliver new artwork or participate in a show.  Monthly, you can find articles about this woman in Art Collector or SouthWest Art Magazine.  We believe that when you own a Michelle Courier painting, you will never grow tired of it.  Her use of light is one of the elements that you will always find in her wall art.  Currently, we have 6 of her paintings.  


A Photograph I Love – memories of a family trip and it’s really a small world

TJ & Liz Patton This weekend, we had an interesting conversation with a couple of visitors.  They were perusing the artwork in C2C, and found TJ and Liz's photograph of the Live Oaks in Louisiana.  This photograph was taken on a family trip to New Orleans, with a visit to the Whitney Plantation.  All of us were glad that we made the effort to visit this museum on slavery, the only museum of its kind.  Our visitors knew immediately that this image was taken on the road to the plantation.  Isn't it a small world?!?


Come visit us in lovely downtown Grand Haven.

2013CyndiBlog

Handmade Art & Gifts

104 Washington Street
Grand Haven, MI 49417
Cyndi Casemier, Owner
616-935-7337

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